The best way to learn new techniques is by example, trial and error. Currently you can already start using HTML5 just by changing your document type.
It will validate with your current code even if you are using XHTML or HTML.
To get you inspired and motivated to start using HTML5 I’ve listed the top 20 HTML5 websites.
As it goes with CSS3 and HTML5 they work best in a webkit browser such as Safari and Chrome.
Good use of HTML5 tags: header, nav, section, article and footer. The effects used for “Elsewhere” are very eye catching and unique.
For a Beautiful Web
A website for the Andy Clarke’s series of DVD about web design, you can go wrong getting inspired by this website. Has one of the coolest use of CSS transitions I have seen yet. Look for the DVD animations.
This personal site/portfolio of Edgar is one smooth site with zero loading time fool of HTML5, CSS3 and jQuery goodness. Especially the details in the portfolio section.
Ryan Clark Merrill
The Travel Agency
Simply Matt D
The Design Grid
Dots and Thoughts
The Energy Cell